Books & Articles

Resource list courtesy of Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization, Lausanne Occasional Paper (LOP) No. 59


Befus, David R., Kingdom Business: The Ministry of Promoting Economic Development, (Miami: Latin America Mission, 2002).

Befus writes from his experience in integrating ministry with economic activity and presents five models of integration. Spanish and English translations.

Burkett, Larry, Business by the Book: The Complete Guide of Biblical Principles for the Workplace, (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1998).

Practical advice for how to apply biblical principles to business operation and management.

Bussau, David, and Russell Mask, Christian Micro enterprise Development: An Introduction, (Regnum Books, 2003).

A handbook to equip practitioners and donors to build Christ's Kingdom through Christian MED. Compares Christian MED case studies to secular practices.

Cleveland, Paul, Gregory Gronbacher, Gary Quinlivan, and Michel Therrien, A Catholic Response to Economic Globalization: Applications of Catholic Social Teaching, (Grand Rapids, MI: Acton Institute, 2001).

Gives a Catholic perspective on globalisation and a Christians responsibility in today's global marketplace.

Chan, Kim-kwong, and Tetsauno Yamamori, Holistice Entrepreneurs in China: A Handbook on the World Trade Organization and New Opportunities for Christians, (Pasadena, CA: William Carey International University Press, 2002).

Practical information on the economic changes taking place in China and the opportunities for Christian business entrepreneurs being created.

Danker, William, Profit for the Lord, (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2002, originally published by Eerdmans, 1971).

Economic activities of the Moravian Mission movement and the Basel Mission Trading Company, gives a comprehensive history and draws conclusions to learn from for today's business as mission activities.

de Soto, Hernando, The Mystery of Capital, Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else, (New York, NY: Basis Books, 2000).

Examines the problem of why some countries succeed at capitalism and others fail. He finds a link to the legal structure of property and property rights of each nation.

Gibson, Dan, Avoiding the Tentmaker Trap, (Ontario, Canada: WEC International, 1997).

Practical guidance for the prospective tentmaker, including a comprehensive resource list of books and organizations.

Gnanakan, Richard S., Work in God's World: Insights into a Theology of Work, (Bangalore, India: Theological Book Trust, 2003).

Theological reflections on work from an Indian perspective.

Greene, Mark, Supporting Christians at Work: A Practical Guide for Busy Pastors, (London: London Institute for Contemporary Christianity, 2001).

Grudem, Wayne, Business for the Glory of God: The Bible's Teaching on the Moral Goodness of Business, (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2003).

Examines how business, in particular ownership, employment, profit, money, inequality of possessions, competition etc. may glorify God.

Hamilton, Don, Tentmakers Speak: Practical Advice from Over 400 Missionary Tentmakers, (Duarte, CA: TMQ Research, 1987).

Research led book sharing insights from tentmakers' real life experiences.

Hammond, Pete, R. Paul Stevens and Todd Svanoe, Marketplace Annotated Bibliography: A Christian Guide to Books on Work, Business and Vocation, (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2002).

Comprehensive listing of 1200 books on marketplace-faith integration. The authors include a historical survey of the marketplace-faith movement and a variety of thematic indexes.

Hill, Dr. Alexander, Just Business - Christian Ethics for the Marketplace, (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1997).

An introduction to business ethics and help for examining ethical issues that arise in any business development context.

Humphreys, Kent, Lasting Investments: A Pastor's Guide for Equipping Workplace Leaders to Leave a Spiritual Legacy, (Colorado Springs, CO: NavPress, 2004).

Rediscovering the common goals and visions that pastors and workplace leaders share. Steps for establishing and maintaining fruitful and powerful relationships.

Knoblauch, Dr. Jorg and Jurg Opprecht, Kingdom Companies: How 24 Executives Around the Globe Serve Jesus Christ Through Their Businesses, (Self published, 2004).

Introduces kingdom companies - those businesses that operate on biblical values and as a means of spreading the gospel. Highlights principles for kingdom companies through short company profiles. (Contact:

Lai, Patrick, Window Businesses: Doing Tentmaking in the 10/40 Window, (Pasadena, CA: William Carey International University Press, 2003).

Practical guide for starting businesses as a tentmaker in countries at various economic stages.

Lewis, Jonathan, ed, Working Your Way to the Nations: A Guide to Effective Tentmaking, (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1997).

A study guide and handbook on tentmaking, with a series of practical essays by experienced specialists. Available here (free to download in English, Spanish, Portuguese, Korean and Arabic).

Myers, Bryant, Walking with the Poor: Principles and Practices of Transformational Development, (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1999).

Theological basis for economic development and holistic mission, with discussion on the application of these principles.

Nash, Laura, Ken Blanchard and Scotty McLennan, Church on Sunday, Work on Monday: The Challenge of Fusing Christian Values with Business Life, (San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2001).

A guide to improving communication between the worlds of church and business. They draw on extensive research including case studies and interviews, and define the obstacles to such communication.

Novak, Michael, Business as a Calling: Work and the Examined Life, (New York, NY: The Free Press, 1996).

Examines the interplay between religion and business and the effect on the moral and social condition of a nation.

Ogden, Greg, Unfinished Business: Returning the Ministry to the People of God, (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2003).

Advocating a lay driven model of ministry, he sets out important movements for the church to be able to her to place ministry back in the hands of the people: Passive to active Maintenance to mission Clergy to people of God Teacher/caregiver to equipping enabler.

Olsen, J. Gunnar, Business Unlimited: Memories of the Coming Kingdom, (ICCC, 2002, Scandanavia Publishing House, 2004).

The autobiography of Gunnar Olson, founder of the International Christian Chamber of Commerce. A story of an intimate walk with God which has lead to the author being used to influence nations. Available here.

Prahalad, C.K., The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty Through Profits, (Upper Sadle River, NJ: Wharton School Publishing, 2005).

The relationship between business and development in developing nations. Examining the entrepreneurial ability and buying power of the poor.

Rundle, Steve, and Tom Steffen, Great Commission Companies: The Emerging Role of Business in Missions, (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2003).

Introduces principles for Great Commission Companies in the context of globalisation. Provides five case studies from businesses involved in mission.

Sherman, Doug, and William Hendricks, Your Work Matters to God, (Colorado Springs: NavPress, 1987).

Clearly sets out theological basis for work having intrinsic value in itself and in contrast to the 'sacred-secular dichotomy'.

Silvoso, Ed, Anointed for Business: How Christians Can Use Their Influence in the Marketplace to Change the World, (Ventura, CA: Regal, 2002).

Silvoso shows how ministry in the marketplace should go hand in hand with building God's kingdom and transforming society. He urges the church to overcome the barriers that remain to integrating business and ministry.

Schlossberg, Herbert, Ronald J. Sider and Vinay Samuel, Eds, Christianity and Economics in the Post-Cold War Era, (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1994).

Developed from the second Oxford Conference on Christian Faith and Economics, this book reproduces the 1990 Oxford Declaration itself and eleven critical responses on the subject of Christian faith and economics.

Stevens, R. Paul, The Other Six Days: Vocation, Work, and Ministry in Biblical Perspectives, (Grand Rapids, MI: Eedermans, 1999).

Explores the theological, structural and cultural reasons for the divide between those who "do" ministry and those to whom it is "done". Stevens shows that the clergy-laity division has no basis in the New Testament and challenges all Christians to rediscover what it means to live daily as God's people.

Suter, Heinz and Dr. Marco Gmur, Business Power for God's Purpose, (Greng, Switz.: VKG Publishing, 1997).

Introduction to the role of business in the task of world evangelisation, including history and ethics and some cases. Concludes with some principles for application.

Swarr, Sharon B. and Dwight Nordstrom, Transform the World: Biblical Vison and Purpose for Business, (Center for Entrepreunership and Economic Development, 1999).

A Biblical introduction to the domain of business followed by some practical guides and principles for developing 'Great Commission businesses'. Available here.

Tongoi, Dennis, Mixing God with Money: Strategies for Living in an Uncertain Economy, (Nairobi: Bezelel, 2002).

Examines the biblical view of money, taking into consideration some of the unique dynamics of managing finances in the Third World. Tongoi considers the socio-economic context of Africa, such as demands of the extended family and the lack of access to credit. Available here.

Tsukahira, Peter, My Father's Business, (Self-published, 2000).

Guidelines for ministry in the marketplace, drawing from authors experience as both a pastor and business leader.

Willard, Dallas, The Spirit of the Disciplines, (New York, NY: HarperCollins, 1991).

The application of the spiritual discipline for the Christian disciple. Includes a chapter on the question 'Is Poverty Spiritual?'.

Wilson, J. Christy, Jr., Today's Tentmakers, (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale, 1979).

Introduction to the idea of tentmaking from one of the founding fathers of the modern tentmaking movement.

Yamamori, Tetsunao, Penetrating Missions' Final Frontier: A New Strategy for Unreached People, (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993).

Yamamori presents a challenge for tentmakers to go out into places other missionaries cannot, all in the light of the remaining task of world missions.

Yamamori, Tetsunao, and Kenneth A. Eldred, Eds, On Kingdom Business: Transforming Missions Through Entrepreneurial Strategies, (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 2003).

Divided into three parts: case studies, essays and conclusions, this is a thorough introduction to the concept of kingdom business from a broad range of experienced contributors.

Articles & Papers

Dwight Baker, "William Carey and the Business Model for Missions" Unpublished manuscript (2001). Available here.

K.C. Chan and Scott McFarlane, "Business as missions: Stewardship and Leadership development in a global economy" at Christian Business Faculty Association annual conference, Northwest Nazarene University (October, 2002). Available from info @

Derek Christensen, "Training Endurance Food for Serious Tenmakers." in International Journal of Frontier Missions 14:3 (1997)133-138. Available here.

Landa Cope, "Economics: Old Testament Template" Unpublished manuscript. Available here.

John Cox, "The Tentmaking Movement in Historical Perspective." in International Journal of Frontier Missions 14:3 (1997) 111-117. Available here.

Denise Daniels, Tim Dearborn, Randel S. Franz, Gary L. Karns, Jeff Van Duzer and Kenman L. Wong, "Toward a Theology of Business" at The Fifth International Symposium on Catholic Social and Management Education, Bilbao, Spain (July, 2003) Available here.

Judith Dean, "Why Trade Matters for the Poor" at 20th Anniversary Conference Association of Christian Economists, Washington, DC (January, 2003). Available here.

David English, "Paul's Secret: A First-Century Strategy for a Twenty-first-century World" World Christian 14:3 (2001) 22-26.

Norm Ewert, "The Role of Business Enterprise in Christian Mission" in Transformation 9 (1992) 7-14.

Stanley J. Grenz, "God's Business: A Foundation for Christian Mission in the Marketplace" in Crux 35:1 (1999) 19-25. Available here.

David Hagan, "Strategic Impact Through Multiplying Modular Business" in International Journal of Frontier Missions 15:1 (1998): 27-28, 46. Available here.

Ronald F. Hock, "The Workshop as a Social Setting for Paul's Missionary Preaching." in The Catholic Biblical Quarterly 14:3 (1979) 439-450.

Patrick Lai, "Starting a Business in a Restricted Access Nation" in International Journal of Frontier Missions 15:1 (1998) 41-46. Available here.

Patrick Lai, "Tentmaking: In Search of a Workable Definition" Unpublished manuscript (2000). Available here.

David Llewellyn, "The Witness of Work: Business as Mission" Unpublished manuscript (2004). Available here.

Bob Lupton, "Markets and Missions" at EC Institute (August, 2003). Available here.

Mark Markiewicz, "Business as Mission, or How two Grocers changed the course of a Nation" at Central Asia Business Consultation (1999). Excerpts here.

Michael McLoughlin, "Back to the Future of Missions: The Case for Marketplace Ministry" in Vocatio (2000) 1-6. Available here.

Scott McFarlane, "Six Ways to get involved in the Business as Missions Movement" in Regent Business Review 11 (2004). Available here.

Robert Morris, "Shrewd Yet Innocent: Thoughts on Tentmaking Integrity" In International Journal of Frontier Missions 15:1 (1998) 5-8. Available here.

Dwight Nordstrom and Jim Nielsen "How Business Is Integral to Tentmaking" in International Journal of Frontier Missions 15:1 (1998) 15-18. Available here.

Howard Norrish, "Lone Ranger: Yes or No?" in Evangelical Missions Quarterly 26 (1990) 6-14. Available here.

J.I. Packer, "The Christian's Purpose in Business" in Richard C. Chewning, Ed. Biblical Principles and Business: The Practice (Colorado Springs: NavPress, 1990 16-25).

Jim Reapsome, "Paul: The Nonprofessional Missionary" Occasional Bulletin. (1997). Available here.

Steve Rundle, "Ministry, Profits and the Schizophrenic Tentmaker." in Evangelical Missions Quarterly 36:3 (2000) 292-300. Available here.

Steve Rundle and Tom Steffen, "Building a Great Commission Company" in Regent Business Review 11 (2004). Available here.

Karen Schmidt, "Versatile Vocation - Using Marketplace Skills to Reach the World for Christ" in World Christian (1999) 31-33.

Dr. Kent W. Seibert and Scott McFarlane, "For the Love of Business: Demonstrating the Reality of God Through the Practice of Business" at The 20th Annual Christian Business Faculty Association Conference (October, 2004). Available here.

Ruth E. Siemens, "Why Did Paul Make Tents? A Biblical Basis for Tentmaking" in GO Paper A-1 (1998). Available here.

Ruth E. Siemens, "The Tentmakers and Their Churches: Mutual Responsibility" in GO Paper A-9 (1997). Available here.

Ruth E. Siemens, "The Tentmaker's Preparation for Work and Witness." in GO Paper A-5 (1997). Available here.

R. Paul Stevens, "The Marketplace: Mission Field or Mission?" in Crux 37:3 (2001) 7-16. Available here.

Sharon B. Swarr and Dwight Nordstrom, "Best Practice for Business as Missions" abbreviated from 'Transform the World (1999). Available here.

Gary Taylor, "Don't Call Me a Tentmaker" in International Journal of Frontier Missions 15:1 (1998) 23-26. Available here.

Peter Tsukahira, "The Business of the Kingdom" Unpublished manuscript. Available here.

Mats Tunehag, "Business as Mission" Unpublished manuscript (2001). Available here.

John H. Warton, Jr. "Employment and the Dignity of Life - the Economic Agenda of the Church" at Convention of Christian Businessmen in Panama (2002), and Argentina, (2003).

J. Christy Wilson, Jr., "Successful Tentmaking Depends on Mission Agencies" in International Journal of Frontier Missions 14:3 (1997) 141-143. Available here.


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